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Articles & Research

Articles by Wong and Baker

Baker, C. and Wong, D.: Q.U.E.S.T.: A process of pain assessment in children, Orthopaedic Nursing, 6(1):11-21, 1987.
Wong, D. and Baker, C.: Pain in children: comparison of assessment scales, Pediatric Nursing, 14(1):9-17, 1988.
Wong, D. and Baker, C.: The school nurse and the child in pain, School Nurse, 5(2):14-28, 1989.

Research Using Wong-Baker FACES® Pain Rating Scale from 2013-2018

Ahmad, M., & Mohmand, M. H. (2017). Use of vibration anesthesia in hair restoration surgery. Journal of Pakistan Association of Dermatologists, 27(3), 247-251. 

Bayramoglu, Z., Durak, Y., Bayram, M., Ulusoy, O. L., Caynak, B., Sagbas, E., & Akpinar, B. (2013). Bone cement-enhanced sternal closure technique in cardiac surgery: Effects on sternal union, pain and life quality. Journal of Cardiothoracic Surgery, 8, 182. 

Bazarganipour, F., Taghavi, S.-A., Allan, H., Hosseini, N., Khosravi, A., Asadi, R., … Miri, F. (2017). A randomized controlled clinical trial evaluating quality of life when using a simple acupressure protocol in women with primary dysmenorrhea. Complementary Therapies in Medicine, 34, 10–15.

Boonsiri, M., Diaz, D., Sukmee, T., Okawa, J., & Ditre, C. (2017). Comparative study of compounded anesthetic Benzocaine/Lidocaine/Tetracaine (BLT) cream with and without abrasive particles. Journal of Clinical and Aesthetic Dermatology, 10(4), 30-36.

Brooks, A. T.,  Andrade, R. E., Middleton, K. R., & Wallen, G. R. (2014). Social support: A key variable for health promotion and chronic disease management in Hispanic patients with rheumatic diseases. Libertas Academica, 7, 21-26.

Chau, B., Phelan, I., Ta, P., Humbert, S., Hata, J., & Tran, D. (2017). Immersive virtual reality therapy and myoelectric control for treatment-resistant phantom limb pain: Case report. Innovations in Clinical Neuroscience, 14 (7-8), 3-7. 

Chen, Y.-J., Lee, J., Puryear, M., Wong, R. K. H., Lake, J. M., Maydonovitch, C. L., … Moawad, F. J. (2014). A Randomized Controlled Study Comparing Room Air With Carbon Dioxide for Abdominal Pain, Distention, and Recovery Time in Patients Undergoing Colonoscopy: Gastroenterology Nursing, 37(4), 273–278.

Chua, C. S., Bai, C.-H., Shiao, C.-Y., Hsu, C.-Y., Cheng, C.-W., Yang, K.-C., … Hsu, J.-L. (2017). Negative correlation of cortical thickness with the severity and duration of abdominal pain in Asian women with irritable bowel syndrome. PLOS ONE, 12(8), e0183960.

Court, R. G., Wiesner, L., Chirehwa, M. T., Stewart, A., de Vries, N., Harding, J., … Maartens, G. (2018). Effect of lidocaine on kanamycin injection-site pain in patients with multidrug-resistant tuberculosis. The International Journal of Tuberculosis and Lung Disease, 22(8), 926–930.

Dobson, C. E., & Byrne, M. W. (2014). Original Research: Using Guided Imagery to Manage Pain in Young Children with Sickle Cell Disease. AJN The American Journal of Nursing, 114(4), 26–36.

Doğan Bakı, E., Ulu, Ş., Yüksek, A., Arıcan, H., & Sıvacı, R. (2018). Does Listening to Music during Tonsillectomy Affect Sevoflurane Consumption? Medical Principles and Practice, 27(4), 343–349.

Fang, Y., Wei, Z., Chen, B., Pan, T., Gu, S., Liu, P., … Fu, W. (2018). A five-year study of the efficacy of purified CD34+ cell therapy for angiitis-induced no-option critical limb ischemia: A five-year study of PuCeT for AICLI. STEM CELLS Translational Medicine, 7(8), 583–590.

Farrelly, I. (2017). Evaluation of a device combining electrostimulation and ultrasound in the treatment of non-healing chronic leg ulcers. Wounds International, 8(3), 14-17.

Feinstein, J. S., Khalsa, S. S., Yeh, H., Wohlrab, C., Simmons, W. K., Stein, M. B., & Paulus, M. P. (2018). Examining the short-term anxiolytic and antidepressant effect of Floatation-REST. PLOS ONE, 13(2), e0190292.

Ha, Y. O., & Kim, H. S. (2013). The effects of audiovisual distraction on children’s pain during laceration repair. International Journal of Nursing Practice, 19(S3), 20–27.

Huang, J., Zhang, D., Li, S.-J., Xi, Y., Cui, L.-Y., & Gao, F.-L. (2018). Preoperative practice of surgical position reduces postoperative pain and discomfort in patients receiving kidney surgeries: A nonrandomized pilot study. Therapeutics and Clinical Risk Management, Volume 14, 1111–1114.

Hwang, P. H., Lin, B., Weiss, R., Atkins, J., & Johnson, J. (2017). Cryosurgical posterior nasal tissue ablation for the treatment of rhinitis: Endoscopic cryosurgical treatment of rhinitis. International Forum of Allergy & Rhinology, 7(10), 952–956.

Imbe, A., Tanimoto, K., Inaba, Y., Sakai, S., Shishikura, K., Imbe, H., … Hanafusa, T. (2018). Effects of L-carnitine supplementation on the quality of life in diabetic patients with muscle cramps. Endocrine Journal, 65(5), 521–526.

Karnik, P., Dave, N., & Garasia, M. (2018). Comparison of analgesic efficacy and safety of continuous epidural infusion versus local infiltration and systemic opioids in video-assisted thoracoscopic surgery decortication in pediatric empyema patients. Saudi Journal of Anaesthesia, 12(2), 240.

Keles, S., & Kocaturk, O. (2018). Postoperative discomfort and emergence delirium in children undergoing dental rehabilitation under general anesthesia: comparison of nasal tracheal intubation and laryngeal mask airway. Journal of Pain Research, Volume 11, 103–110.

Kim, E., Lee, J.-E., & Sohn, M. (2017). The Application of One-Hour Static Qigong Program to Decrease Needle Pain of Korean Adolescents With Type 1 Diabetes: A Randomized Crossover Design. Journal of Evidence-Based Complementary & Alternative Medicine, 22(4), 897–901.

Kolacz, N. M., Jaroch, M. T., Bear, M. L., Hess, R. F., Group, A. B. S., & others. (2014). The Effect of Burns & Wounds (B&W)/Burdock Leaf Therapy on Burn-Injured Amish Patients A Pilot Study Measuring Pain Levels, Infection Rates, and Healing Times. Journal of Holistic Nursing, 0898010114525683.

Kozlowski, L. J., Kost-Byerly, S., Colantuoni, E., Thompson, C. B., Vasquenza, K. J., Rothman, S. K., … Monitto, C. L. (2014). Pain Prevalence, Intensity, Assessment and Management in a Hospitalized Pediatric Population. Pain Management Nursing, 15(1), 22–35.

Leung, S., Bulloch, B., Young, C., Yonker, M., & Hostetler, M. (2013). Effectiveness of Standardized Combination Therapy for Migraine Treatment in the Pediatric Emergency Department. Headache: The Journal of Head and Face Pain, 53(3), 491–197.

Lucenteforte, E., Vagnoli, L., Pugi, A., Crescioli, G., Lombardi, N., Bonaiuti, R., … Maggini, V. (2018). A systematic review of the risk factors for clinical response to opioids for all-age patients with cancer-related pain and presentation of the paediatric STOP pain study. BMC Cancer, 18(1).

Marti, F., Paladini, A., Varrassi, G., & Latina, R. (2018). Evaluation of Psychometric and Linguistic Properties of the Italian Adolescent Pain Assessment Scales: A Systematic Review. Pain and Therapy, 7(1), 77–104.

Martin, S., Smith, A. B., Newcomb, P., & Miller, J. (2014). Effects of Therapeutic Suggestion Under Anesthesia on Outcomes in Children Post Tonsillectomy. Journal of PeriAnesthesia Nursing, 29(2), 94–106.

Maxwell, L. G., Buckley, G. M., Kudchadkar, S. R., Ely, E., Stebbins, E. L., Dube, C., … Yaster, M. (2014). Pain management following major intracranial surgery in pediatric patients: a prospective cohort study in three academic children’s hospitals. Pediatric Anesthesia, 24(11), 1132–1140.

McCullough, M. C., Cohen, M. J., Kuschner, S. H., & Kulber, D. A. (2017). Prospective analysis comparing arthroplasty with HD-flex versus trapezial resection alone in basilar joint arthritis. Plastic and Reconstructive Surgery – Global Open, 5(11), e1571.

Melnyk, B. M., & Fineout-Overholt, E. (2015). Evidence-based practice in nursing & healthcare: A guide to best practice (3rd ed.). Philadelphia, PA: Wolters Kluwer Health.

Mishra, A. (2017). Effect of Diclofenac Mouthwash on Postoperative Pain after Periodontal Surgery. Journal Of Clinical and Diagnostic Research, 11(4) , 24-26.

Morandi, G., Maines, E., Piona, C., Monti, E., Sandri, M., Gaudino, R., … Antoniazzi, F. (2015). Significant association among growing pains, vitamin D supplementation, and bone mineral status: results from a pilot cohort study. Journal of Bone and Mineral Metabolism, 33(2), 201–206.

Müller, M., Mehrkens, A., Zürcher, R., Vavken, P., & Valderrabano, V. (2014). Effectiveness of the addition of Lidocaine to a hemostatic, bioresorbable putty in the treatment of iliac crest donor site pain. BMC Musculoskeletal Disorders, 15(1), 415.

Oosterman, J. M., Hendricks, H., Scott, S., Lord, K., White, N., & Sampson, E. L. (2014) When pain memories are lost: A pilot study of semantic knowledge of pain in dementia. Pain Medicine, 15, 751-757.

Ozkan, D., Gonen, E., Akkaya, T., & Bakir, M. (2017). Popliteal block for lower limb surgery in children with cerebral palsy: Effect on sevoflurane consumption and postoperative pain (a randomized, double-blinded, controlled trial). Journal of Anesthesia, 31(3), 358–364.

Pasek, T. A., Locasto, L. W., Reichard, J., Fazio Sumrok, V. C., Johnson, E. W., & Kontos, A. P. (2015). The headache electronic diary for children With concussion. Clinical Nurse Specialist, 29(2), 80–88.

Redfern, R. E., Chen, J. T., & Sibrel, S. (2018). Effects of thermomechanical stimulation during vaccination on anxiety, pain, and satisfaction in pediatric patients: A randomized controlled trial. Journal of Pediatric Nursing, 38, 1–7.

Resnik, L. J., Borgia, M. L., Acluche, F., Cancio, J. M., Latlief, G., & Sasson, N. (2018). How do the outcomes of the DEKA Arm compare to conventional prostheses? PLOS ONE, 13(1), e0191326.

Ruggiero, A., Coccia, P., Arena, R., Maurizi, P., Battista, A., Ridola, V., … Riccardi, R. (2013). Efficacy and safety of transdermal buprenorphine in the management of children with cancer-related pain. Pediatric Blood & Cancer, 60(3), 433–437.

Sabzevari, A., Kianifar, H., Jafari, S. A., Saeidi, M., Ahanchian, H., Kiani, M. A., & Jarahi, L. (2017). The effect of music on pain and vital signs of children before and after endoscopy. Electronic Physician, 9(7), 4801–4805.

Strehle, E. M. & Gray, W. K. (2013). Comparison of skin conductance measurements and subjective pain scores in children with minor injuries. Acta Paediatrica, 102, e502-e506.

Syms, C. A. & Grantham, M.L. (2013). Otologic iontophoresis: A no-papoose technique. Annals of Otology, Rhinology & Laryngology, 122(8), 487-491.

Taylor, S. E., Taylor, D. M., Jao, K., Goh, S., & Ward, M. (2013). Nurse-initiated analgesia pathway for paediatric patients in the emergency department: A clinical intervention trial. Emergency Medicine Australasia, 25, 315-323.

Topaloglu, N., Tekin, M., Yildirim, S, Kucuk, A., Gonullu, B., & Hanci, V. (2013). Passive smoking increases pain perception in children undergoing venous catheterization. Acta Paediatrica, 102, e493-e496.

      Tufekci, F. G., Kucukoglu, S., Aytekin, A., Polat, H., & Bakan, E. (2017). A new distraction intervention to reduce venipuncture pain in school-age children: Different colored flashlights; an experimental study with control group. International Journal of Caring Sciences, 10(1), 354-365.

Zhang, Y., Du, Y., Jiang, Y., Zhu, X., & Lu, Y. (2018). Effects of Pranoprofen on Aqueous Humor Monocyte Chemoattractant Protein-1 Level and Pain Relief During Second-Eye Cataract Surgery. Frontiers in Pharmacology, 9.

Research Using Wong-Baker FACES® Pain Rating Scale prior to 2013

Wong, D. and Baker, C.: Pain in children: comparison of assessment scales, Pediatric Nursing, 14(1):9-17, 1988.
Cagen, D., and Golden, S.: Factors affecting children’s perception of their pain experience, (unpublished, 1989).

Gedaly-Duff, V. and Burns, C.: Reducing children’s pain-distress associated with injections: a pilot study, Journal of the American Academy of Nurse Practitioners, 4(3):95-100, 1992.

Ostermueller, K.: Comparative study of pain in hospitalized children and parental perception of that pain, (unpublished, 1988).

Broome, M., Bates, T., Lillis, P., and McGahee, T.: Children’s medical fears copying behaviors, and pain perceptions during a lumbar puncture, Oncology Nursing Forum, 17(3):361-367, 1990.

Shapiro, T.: Child’s perception of postoperative pain before and after analgesia, (unpublished, 1990).

Shapiro, T.: Use of the FACES Rating Scale with school-aged children undergoing tonsillectomies, (unpublished; presented at First Annual Miami Children’s Hospital Nursing Research Symposium, October 18, 1990).

Riemondy, S., Rung, G., Hershey, J., and Ballantine T.: Nurse controlled analgesia: a new method of pediatric pain control (abstract), Journal of Pain and Symptom Management, 6(3):160, 1991.

Gureno, M. and Reisinger, C: Patient controlled analgesia for the young pediatric patient, Pediatric Nursing, 17(3):251-254, 1991.

Sandler, E. and others: Midazolam versus fentanyl as premedication for painful procedures in children with cancer, Pediatrics, 98(4):631-634, 1992.

Broome, M., Lillis, P., McGahee, T., and Bates, T: Reduction of procedural pain in pediatric oncology patients, Oncology Nursing Forum, 19:499-502, 1992.

Oakes, L., Hinds, P., Rao, B., Bozeman, P., Taylor, B., Stokes, D., Fairclugh, D.: Chest tube stripping in pediatric oncology patients: an experimental study, American Journal of Critical Care, 2(4):293-301, 1993.

Robertson, J.: Pediatric pain assessment: validation of a multidimensional tool, Pediatric Nursing, 19(3):209-313, 1993.

Ruble, K. and Billett, C.: Innovative pain management for toddlers: parent controlled analgesia, Oncology Nursing Forum, 20(2):321, 1993.

West, N., Oakes, L., Hinds, P., Sanders, L., Holden, R., Fairclough, D., and Bozeman, P.: Measuring pain in pediatric oncology ICU patients, Journal of Pediatric Oncology Nursing, 1(2):64-68, 1994.

Clutter, L., Nix, K. and Wong, D.: The influence of abbreviated vs. original instructions in measuring pain intensity in young children using the FACES Pain Rating Scale. (1995).

Nix, K., Clutter, L. and Wong, D.: The influence of type of instructions in measuring pain in young children using the FACES Pain Rating Scale, (1993).

Keck J., Gerkensmeyer, J., Joyce, B., and Schade, J.: Reliability and validity of the FACES and Word Descriptor scales to measure procedural pain, Journal of Pediatric Nursing, 11(6):368-374, 1996.

Wong, D. and Nix, K.: Use of the FACES Pain Rating Scale with adults (unpublished, 2003).
Nix, K., Wong, D. and Jacob, E.: A systematic Review of the Psychometric Properties of the Wong-Baker FACES Pain Rating Scale (Underway).