Articles & Research

Articles by Wong and Baker

Baker, C. and Wong, D.: Q.U.E.S.T.: A process of pain assessment in children, Orthopaedic Nursing, 6(1):11-21, 1987.
Wong, D. and Baker, C.: Pain in children: comparison of assessment scales, Pediatric Nursing, 14(1):9-17, 1988.
Wong, D. and Baker, C.: The school nurse and the child in pain, School Nurse, 5(2):14-28, 1989.

Research Using Wong-Baker FACES® Pain Rating Scale

Wong, D. and Baker, C.: Pain in children: comparison of assessment scales, Pediatric Nursing, 14(1):9-17, 1988.
Cagen, D., and Golden, S.: Factors affecting children’s perception of their pain experience, (unpublished, 1989).

Gedaly-Duff, V. and Burns, C.: Reducing children’s pain-distress associated with injections: a pilot study, Journal of the American Academy of Nurse Practitioners, 4(3):95-100, 1992.

Ostermueller, K.: Comparative study of pain in hospitalized children and parental perception of that pain, (unpublished, 1988).

Broome, M., Bates, T., Lillis, P., and McGahee, T.: Children’s medical fears copying behaviors, and pain perceptions during a lumbar puncture, Oncology Nursing Forum, 17(3):361-367, 1990.

Shapiro, T.: Child’s perception of postoperative pain before and after analgesia, (unpublished, 1990).

Shapiro, T.: Use of the FACES Rating Scale with school-aged children undergoing tonsillectomies, (unpublished; presented at First Annual Miami Children’s Hospital Nursing Research Symposium, October 18, 1990).

Riemondy, S., Rung, G., Hershey, J., and Ballantine T.: Nurse controlled analgesia: a new method of pediatric pain control (abstract), Journal of Pain and Symptom Management, 6(3):160, 1991.

Gureno, M. and Reisinger, C: Patient controlled analgesia for the young pediatric patient, Pediatric Nursing, 17(3):251-254, 1991.

Sandler, E. and others: Midazolam versus fentanyl as premedication for painful procedures in children with cancer, Pediatrics, 98(4):631-634, 1992.

Tall, A: Donna Lee Wong, 1948-2008.

Broome, M., Lillis, P., McGahee, T., and Bates, T: Reduction of procedural pain in pediatric oncology patients, Oncology Nursing Forum, 19:499-502, 1992.

Oakes, L., Hinds, P., Rao, B., Bozeman, P., Taylor, B., Stokes, D., Fairclugh, D.: Chest tube stripping in pediatric oncology patients: an experimental study, American Journal of Critical Care, 2(4):293-301, 1993.

Robertson, J.: Pediatric pain assessment: validation of a multidimensional tool, Pediatric Nursing, 19(3):209-313, 1993.

Ruble, K. and Billett, C.: Innovative pain management for toddlers: parent controlled analgesia, Oncology Nursing Forum, 20(2):321, 1993.

West, N., Oakes, L., Hinds, P., Sanders, L., Holden, R., Fairclough, D., and Bozeman, P.: Measuring pain in pediatric oncology ICU patients, Journal of Pediatric Oncology Nursing, 1(2):64-68, 1994.

Clutter, L., Nix, K. and Wong, D.: The influence of abbreviated vs. original instructions in measuring pain intensity in young children using the FACES Pain Rating Scale. (1995).

Nix, K., Clutter, L. and Wong, D.: The influence of type of instructions in measuring pain in young children using the FACES Pain Rating Scale, (1993).

Keck J., Gerkensmeyer, J., Joyce, B., and Schade, J.: Reliability and validity of the FACES and Word Descriptor scales to measure procedural pain, Journal of Pediatric Nursing, 11(6):368-374, 1996.

Wong, D. and Nix, K.: Use of the FACES Pain Rating Scale with adults (unpublished, 2003).
Nix, K., Wong, D. and Jacob, E.: A systematic Review of the Psychometric Properties of the Wong-Baker FACES Pain Rating Scale (Underway).

  • Bibliography Citation: Wong-Baker FACES Foundation (2016). Wong-Baker FACES® Pain Rating Scale. Retrieved [Date] with permission from